One study showed that periodontal disease affects nearly half of all American adults aged 30 and over. This is something to take serious note of as it is attributed to the main cause of tooth loss. Not only does it affect your oral health but it’s also been linked to other illnesses such as Alzheimer’s, rheumatoid arthritis, pancreatic cancer, diabetes, stroke and cancer, to list just a few.
With something so serious, you’re likely to want to know what the symptoms are. According to the statistics it’s likely that you may already be showing some of the signs.
What Is Periodontal Disease?
The term periodontal literally means “around the tooth”. It can also be referred to as periodontitis or gum disease as it primarily affects the gums in the area surrounding the teeth and the jaw bone at the root of the tooth.
What Causes Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease starts with bacteria in the mouth. That bacteria forms with mucus and other particles to form plaque on the teeth. When plaque isn’t successfully removed through regular brushing and flossing it can harden and form tartar. The body’s immune system will attack the bacteria causing the surrounding gums to swell and become inflamed. This then creates further problems as the gums pull away from the teeth creating space for more bacteria to enter.
Periodontal disease may also be brought on by the following factors:
Changes in hormone levels
How Does Periodontal Disease Develop?
Before periodontitis fully develops you may notice some signs of gingivitis. This is a mild form of periodontitis that can be easily reversed back to good health. At this point the gums become inflamed but they haven’t reached the stage where the teeth start to fall out. The teeth are firmly in place despite the buildup of plaque and there is inflammation of the gums. Periodontitis is when the problem progresses and the underlying bone begins to deteriorate. Also, pockets of space within the gum enlarge due to inflammation in the gum and more gum tissue and bone are affected. As the gum moves further away there is less support for the teeth and they can become loose or fall out.
What Are the Symptoms of Periodontal Disease?
Your gums bleed easily when brushing or flossing.
Tender or swollen gums.
Space between gums and teeth.
Bite alignment is different.
Pus seen between your teeth and gums.
Bad breath that doesn’t seem to go
Bad taste in your mouth
When You Should Visit The Dentist
Many people have periodontal disease without even knowing it. The best way to know whether you have it is to have an X-ray examination. Your dentist will do this during your regular checkups. If you notice any symptoms between visits then see your dentist as soon as possible.
What To Do If You Are Missing Teeth?
If you’re already affected by periodontal disease and you are missing teeth then you’re likely looking to replace them. The surgeons at Stanislaus Oral Surgery recommend replacing missing teeth with dental implants. They look and feel like natural teeth and provide many benefits over other teeth replacement options. You can find their office in Modesto, CA providing an ideal location to all those in Stanislaus County. Book an appointment now to see if dental implants are for you.