All About Common Oral Diseases

closeup of African american man's mouthYou may be surprised to know how common oral diseases are. One study revealed that half of Americans have periodontitis, the advanced form of periodontal disease. Also, 91,200 persons are living with cancer in the United States, with 37,000 new cases diagnosed every year. Learning about these diseases and their symptoms can help you to be alert and seek early treatment.

Oral Cancer

The most dangerous oral disease is oral cancer.  It kills over 9,000 people every year. It’s important that it is detected early so that it can be treated. Your dentist will be able to identify any abnormal tissue inside your mouth. If you need to have any tissue examined further then Stanislaus Oral Surgery and Implantology can perform a biopsy to diagnose the abnormality.

Herpes

Around half of all Americans have herpes. The disease, commonly known as cold sores, is caused by the herpes simplex virus type 2. It can be seen through blister-like sores that appear around the mouth. It is a very contagious disease that spreads through the infected area and broken skin. Beware though that even when symptoms are not present the disease can still spread.

Infections

Inside the mouth, there are ideal conditions for bacteria and viruses to grow. It is warm and moist and has plenty of sugar for them to feed on. One common infection is Thrush or Candida. This type of yeast infection can cause white or yellow blemishes to grow on your gums, the inside of your cheek or throat. Symptoms may also include ulcers inside your mouth. Although these diseases easily spread, they are also very treatable.

Gum disease

As mentioned at the beginning of the article, gum disease, also known as periodontal disease is a very common oral disease. It is caused by a buildup of bacteria between your teeth and gums. This can result in inflammation and gum recession and can lead to tooth loss or bone loss in your jaw.

What are the signs of oral disease?

You can detect oral diseases by looking at the color inside of your mouth. It should be an even coral pink tone throughout. If you see anything unusual then you could have an oral disease. Symptoms can include:

  • Tissue that is raised or thicker than the surrounding area
  • Red or white patches
  • Tissue that has a hair appearance on the sides of your tongue
  • Sores that don’t heal
  • Ulcers
  • Bumps or lumps
  • Unexplained swelling

What should I do if I think I have an oral disease?

If you have detected any of the symptoms mentioned whilst brushing or flossing then make an appointment with your regular dentist. If they believe that you have an abnormality then they can refer you to have a biopsy.

Our expert oral surgeons at Stanislaus Oral Surgery and Implantology can provide you with that biopsy. They will take a few of the abnormal cells for analysis. When the results come back they will work together with your regular dentist to provide you with the treatment you need to preserve and protect your oral and dental health.

If you need a biopsy or an experienced oral and maxillofacial surgeon, call Stanislaus Oral Surgery and Implantology or schedule an appointment online today.

FAQ

What causes oral disease?

You will be more at risk if you have poor diet and hygiene, trauma, stress, smoking, abuse of alcohol and use of illegal substances.

Why is oral hygiene important?

If you have good oral and dental health then you can prevent bad breath, tooth decay, and gum disease. Caring for the hygiene of your teeth will help you to keep your adult teeth for longer. Gum disease can be a risk factor in developing heart disease, stroke, poorly controlled diabetes and preterm labor.

What is proper oral hygiene?

It is recommended to brush your teeth twice a day and floss at least once. You can also use an antibacterial mouthwash to reduce bacteria and plaque activity. A fluoride mouthwash is also helpful in preventing tooth decay.

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